Discussion Board Post: Health Inequities
There are two major sources of the health inequities within the nation and communities including intrapersonal, interpersonal and institutional factors, and the unequal allocation of resources including products and services. The intrapersonal and institutional aspects usually help in organizing the proper distribution of resources across the varied aspects including class, gender, and classes among others (Newman, et al., 2015). The elements explain the individual and group identity aspects impacting the access to health care. The unequal allocation of resources also leads to enhanced inequity in the access to health care services.
Some of the strategies of addressing health inequity include the engagement of health systems at the different health care levels and departments, the designing of proper cases for the reduction of health disparities, the expansion of the regional health processes and systems, and the implementation of the building capacity strategies to deal with health inequities (Newman, et al., 2015). The implementation of these strategies will be critical in addressing the challenges of health inequities to enhance sustainability access to quality health care.
The implementation of patient-centered approaches and awareness programs would help in moving beyond the clinical model of prevention to a population based core prevention approach includes the implementation of proper legislations, use of media-based strategies, and the drug education. The legislation will include the change of the laws and the climate for proper implementation (Baum & Fisher, 2014). The media-based strategies will include the adoption of mass-media campaigns and the reduction of the advertising and promotion of the products.
The available opportunities in handling social determinants to lower health inequities includes the presence of successful collaborations, supportive communities, and shared vision and strategy for addressing health inequities (Krieger, 2014). However, addressing the health inequities faces the barriers includes the inability to access adequate health resources, lack of proper health care policies, and limited health care structures. The government should rely overcome these barriers and rely on the opportunities to reduce health inequities.
Baum, F., & Fisher, M. (2014). Why behavioural health promotion endures despite its failure to reduce health inequities. Sociology of Health & Illness, 36(2), 213-225.
Krieger, N. (2014). Discrimination and health inequities. International Journal of Health Services, 44(4), 643-710.
Newman, L., Baum, F., Javanparast, S., O’Rourke, K., & Carlon, L. (2015). Addressing social determinants of health inequities through settings: a rapid review. Health Promotion International, 30(suppl_2), ii126-ii143.
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