Problems in a Community
Problems in a Community
synthesizing the two comments below into one comment
The choice I made for my session long project was smoking among adults in the United States. Looking at this topic now, I may have chosen too large of a demographic to truly get an accurate focus on in order to develop a successful health promotion program. However, there have been national campaigns done against smoking for many years now and data has shown that nationally, the amount of smokers has decreased considerably (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2018).
Looking at this community as a whole, the most important health problem for adults in the United States is smoking as the Surgeon General stated that the number one cause of preventable death and illness for adults in the United States was caused by smoking (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). The top three causes of death according to the National Vital Statistics Reports are: heart disease, malignant neoplasms, and accidental injuries of which, the top two can be directly linked to smoking (Heron, 2018).
The potential for change for each of these problems is outstanding; elimination of smoking can perhaps reduce the rate of deaths from heart disease and cancers, and the use of safety campaigns and stricter safety laws and inspections from organization like the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) can possibly reduce the amount of accidental injuries and deaths that occur across the country. Obviously, smaller scale health and safety campaigns would have to take place on a per community basis so that the number one problem is addressed in that particular area in accordance with a proper development of a health program (The Community Toolbox-University of Kansas, 2018).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults – United States, 2016. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6702a1.htm?s_cid=mm6702a1_w.
Heron, M. (2018). National Vital Statistics Reports: Deaths: Leading Causes for 2016. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_06.pdf.
The Community Toolbox-University of Kansas. (2018). Retrieved from http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/assessment/assessing-community-needs-and-resources.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). The Health Consequences of Smoking – 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Retrieved December 14, 2018 from https://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/full-report.pdf.
Some of the most important health problems in the Missouri community according to my Session Long Project (SLP) and research conducted for the State of Missouri, includes the increase of Tobacco use including cigarettes and smokeless Tobacco, that according to the Missouri Foundation for Health in 2013, was the leading cause of preventable deaths between 2005-2009 and triggered other health related issues like Chronic Lower Respiratory (CLR) diseases catapulting the disease to become the third leading cause of death in the State. Other issues found in these communities includes substandard housing that increases risk for respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis and other related lower respiratory diseases and illnesses (Voyles, 2017).
With the implementation of programs created to increase awareness in local communities for tobacco free zones such as businesses, restaurants, bars and other venues, these policies are helping Missourian owners to create environments helpful for their employees, customers and communities and increasing the potential for change for each of the problems aforementioned before.
These policies were created to help local authorities to designed clean indoor ordinances and policies directed to increase awareness to their local citizens and lower chronic respiratory diseases. One helpful effort from these local authorities and municipalities was the implementation of websites such as www.breatheeasyswmo.org, focused to provide the most current information about policy and support programs in the tri county areas of Newton, Jasper and Joplin counties in Missouri (CAB, 2010).
Assessing Needs [PowerPoint presentation]. (n.d.). PowerPoint presentation about Assessing Needs, including primary and secondary data collection.
Community Asset Builders, LLC. (2010). Community Health Collaborative: 2010 Health Status Report. Retrieved from http://www.jaspercounty.org/pdf/health_department/status_report/JJN_10AssessmentReport Final.pdf. 2010 Jasper, Joplin & Newton County report
The Community Toolbox-University of Kansas. Retrieved from http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/assessment/assessing-community-needs-and-resources
Voyles, K. (2017). Missouri Poverty Facts • Missouri Community Action Network. Retrieved from http://www.communityaction.org/missouri-poverty-facts/#health